Information Technology is an always evolving field. Every year, innovative technologies are introduced while earlier ones are upgraded. Web development, a key area of Information Technology, is no exception (check out some web development predictions here). There are many tools and techniques in the web development world, each claiming to be the best.
In simple terms, web development is defined as the work undertaken to develop a website. Although it sounds simple, web development is a very vast field. There are organizations which are specialized in providing web development services for personal projects, as well as for businesses.
When we talk about web development, we need to know about three important aspects of it:
- the front-end,
- the back-end,
- and the full stack.
The front-end is the part of a website that is visible to the visitor, and the user can interact with. It is also referred to as “web design”.
How the front-end functions and what features a website will have is determined by the back-end. Front-end and back-end combine to form the full stack.
Technology hubs like Beijing, Silicon Valley, Berlin, Bangalore, London, Dubai, etc. are putting special emphasis on web designing. A lot of companies are offering services of web development and web designing in these areas, especially Dubai.
There has been a tremendous increase in companies offering services of web development and web design in Dubai over the last few years, like this one for example, strengthening its status as a technology hub.
Now, after this (a bit long?) introduction and to begin with today’s topic, two “tools” have gained prominence lately in the front-end development field.
And seeing that many users continuously ask “which of the two is better?”, today we (me and my collaborators) decided to write this article that aims to make an objective comparison between these frameworks and help users choose which one to begin learning and use in their projects.
- 1. What is Vue.js?
- 2. What is Angular?
- 3. The Main Differences Between The Two
- 4. Which One Should You Learn?
- 5. Which One Should You Use in Your Project?
- 6. Comparison: Which One is Better?
- 7. Conclusion
1. What is Vue.js?
The core library of the tool is focused on the view layer only. However, when used with other tools, and combined with other libraries, Vue.js can create single-page applications as well. It is increasingly being used for developing web applications.
It is an extremely lightweight framework and easy to learn as well. Like various other frameworks, Vue has a two-way data binding facility. It also uses a Virtual Document Object Model, simply known as a Virtual DOM.
For more information on Vue.js, check out the video below:
You might also like: The Best Vue.js Admin Templates for Your Next Project
2. What is Angular?
Like Vue.js, Angular is another open source front-end web development tool that is used for developing web-based applications and single page applications.
From its site:
Angular is a platform that makes it easy to build applications with the web. Angular combines declarative templates, dependency injection, end to end tooling, and integrated best practices to solve development challenges. Angular empowers developers to build applications that live on the web, mobile, or the desktop.
For learning more about Angular, check out this video:
You might also like: The Best Angular Admin Templates for Your Next Project
3. The Main Differences Between The Two
Although both frameworks are used for developing single page and web-based applications, there are fundamental differences between the two. Let’s see them below:
- File size: 93 KB
- Difficulty in handling large scale projects, but ideal for light projects.
- Although a front-end framework, it cannot be used with back-end programming languages. Also, it uses HTML, CSS and JS separately.
- It is made using HTML based template syntax.
- It is ideal for creating single-page applications as provides an easy interface.
- It is a progressive framework, which is useful for creating user interfaces.
- Vue.js is the best choice for mobile development and does not require downloading other libraries.
- It comes with an in-built Model View Controller (MVC) and data binding, making it much easier for users.
- It uses CLI or CDN for installation.
- File size: 176 KB
- Useful for developing large scale projects.
- Although a front-end framework, it can also be used with a variety of back-end programming languages like Java, PHP, ASP.Net, etc.
- It is ideal for creating real-time applications.
- It is used for building the client side of the application.
- Angular does not support native mobile development. Only with Ionic and NativeScript can Angular be used for mobile development.
- It is complex and can be difficult to use. It uses the Model View View Model.
This page was consulted for this paragraph.
4. Which One Should You Learn?
If you ask any developer regarding which framework should one learn, the answers will vary. Most developers speak from their own personal and professional experience, disregarding the ground reality.
It only leads to a biased judgement but can seriously set back the career of an aspiring developer. Therefore, a judgment must be based on facts.
For an aspiring developer, who is to select between Vue.js and Angular JS, the best advice (we think) is to opt for Vue.js. There are multiple reasons for this opinion.
One of the reasons is that Angular is an extraordinarily complex framework to learn. It requires you to write the entire MVC for front-end.
Moreover, there are too many versions of Angular, each of which is inherently different from the other. If a company uses Angular 1.X, and you have learnt Angular 2.X, it will require you to invest considerable time to learn the earlier version.
A lot of well-established organizations require developers to use the older version. On the other hand, newer organizations require developers to use newer versions.
Therefore, it is a cause of immense headache for developers as they continuously have to shift between the different versions.
Naturally, developers prefer learning the latest versions. However, their job prospects in a well-established organization are diminished as they do not have knowledge of earlier versions.
Similarly, it will be difficult for a developer to join a newly established organization, as they are likely to use the latest version of Angular.
If you are still unconvinced, Angular also requires you to write your controllers. Moreover, you are also required to learn various other Application Programming Interfaces (APIs).
Overall, it requires too much investment. Additionally, the latest version requires the use of TypeScript. If you do not know it, it is another cause for a headache.
On the other hand, Vue has always been much faster than Angular. It also has a much smaller codebase and memory footprint.
However, it does not mean that developers should just start learning Vue. There is another side to this argument, and it is concerned with the application of these frameworks in different projects.
5. Which One Should You Use in Your Project?
Before selecting a framework, the best thing to do is to understand the requirements of your project.
If you or your company are building a one-page site or any other lightweight application, then Vue is a perfect choice. Angular is ideal for dealing with complex projects and has built-in components that can be applied to your project.
Therefore, if you think that you will be working on large, complex projects, then Angular would be a perfect choice. However, it requires a considerable amount of time to learn. On the other hand, for smaller projects, Vue is ideal.
Other comparison you might like: Laravel vs Yii: An Overview of the Best PHP Frameworks
6. Comparison: Vue or Angular? Which One is Better?
Choosing the best option among the two is no easy task. Both are great frameworks in their own right.
Angular has been around for a long time, has a larger community, but requires a longer time to learn. It is a major drawback for developers who have just started their web development careers.
However, once learnt, their professional value increases drastically. From an organizational point of view, if your company has a large team of developers and is already well versed in TypeScript, Angular would be a perfect choice.
Vue is a newer framework as compared to Angular. It gained much prominence over the years, especially after Alibaba and Baidu adopted it as their primary front-end tool.
Ever since, the number of users is growing steadily, although the library is much smaller as compared to Angular.
However, it is increasingly in competition with the other front-end tools. If you prefer simplicity and flexibility, Vue.js would be a perfect choice.
Both frameworks are ideal for your applications. However, which framework you ultimately choose to adopt depends on you, your organizational policies or client requirements.
If you want a well-structured and widely followed framework, go for Angular or Angular JS. If you want a fast, clean single-page layout, there is no better choice than Vue.js.
That’s all for this article, see you in the next one 😉 For any question or suggestion, let us know in the comments below.